|Région de plongée : Italy Liguria - Voir la carte||
|Meilleure saison pour plonger : Avril • Mai • Juin • Juillet • Aout • Septembre|
|Nombre de jours recommendés sur place : 5 à 7 jours|
|Nombre de sites de plongée : Plus de 20 Sites|
|Température de l'eau et combinaison adéquate : 16-20C : Combinaison 2 pieces|
|Visibilité en moyenne : 21 - 25 mètres|
|Profondeur moyenne des plongées : 20 Mètres|
|Type de courant : Courants nuls ou non significatifs|
|Mois de présence des courants : Always|
|Conditions générales de surface : Conditions moyennes|
|Types d'épave : Navires récents • Avion||
|Type de vie marine : Anémone • Barracuda • Coraux • Dauphins • Homard • Mola Mola - Mondfish • Murènes • Nudibranches (invertébrés) • Pieuvres/poulpes • Raies • Poissons de récif • Hippocampes • Eponges • Calmar • Etoiles de mer • Thons|
|Présence de grottes ou cavernes sous-marines : Non|
Plonger à l'ile d'Elbe en Italie
Écrit par Invité 23 Novembre 2011 Vues: 3511 0
The island of Elba offers a marvellous variety of scenery, from small hidden coves to long
sandy beaches; each corner of Elba holds its own special surprise for visitors. The island
is washed by crystal clear water in every shade of blue - a paradise for divers. It's wooded
hills make it ideal for hikers, it's panoramic roads so popular with mountain bikers. Those
in search of culture will find it's ancient churches and museums a pleasant alternative
to seaside activities.
The Island of Elba is the third largest Italian island after Sicily and Sardinia and is the
largest in the Tuscan Archipelago. It has recently become part of the Tuscan Archipelago's
National Park together with the islands of Pianosa, Capraia, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri.
Elba has a coastline of 147 km: its main mountain (Monte Capanne) is 1019 metres high,
accessed via pathways or by a panoramic cable car.
Measuring 224 square km, the island is situated 10 km from the mainland with an excellent
ferry boat service taking only one hour from Piombino to Portoferraio (the island's main town).
Elba has approximately 30.000 inhabitants, of these, 11.000 live in Portoferraio. The island
is divided into 8 administrative "Communes".
It has an asphalt road network of 160 km and 80 km of panoramic "macadam" roads. The
climate is always mild with a middle annual temperature of ca. 16°; the medium in the winter
is about 10° degrees, 14° in spring, 23° degrees in summer and 17° degree in autumn. The
medium water-temperature of April is always about 19° degrees, 20° in May, June about
24°, 26,8° degrees in July, in August 27,3°, September 25,5° degrees and October 23,1°
Already in earlier times Elba's destiny was always deternined by two factors: its strategic
position and the richness of its mineral resources. Due to these characteristics, it was
often the object of conquest for the various powers along the Mediterranean. For the
Etruscans and the Romans Elba represented an inexhaustible source of riches and the
iron from Elba contributed to the prospering of their civilization.
During the Medieval period Elba was dominated by Pisa. The remains of some important
and striking defensive structures testify to the importance of possessing the island. The
AppIani Lordship followed, as did the attentions of Cosimo de Medici, who built "Cosmopoli"
on top of the ruins of the Roman city of Fabricia - now the capital Portoferraio - and had
it surrounded with the impressive walls that saved the inhabitans from many pirate raids.
The Spaniards settled in Porto Azzurro and they too made sure to construct defences on
their territory - the imposing San Giacomo Fort still dominates the pleasant landscape.
In the more recent history, the period that made this island famous and placed it on the
world map was the brief exile of Napoleon, who stayed here for 10 month prior to his 100
days adventure which was finished in Waterloo. Bonaparte left a significant mark of his
short reign: Important reforms and buildings like his Townhouse "Villa dei Mulini" in Portoferraio
and his impressing summer residence "San Martino" - which are now museums and can be visited.
The island first opened to tourism soon after 1950 but has managed to preserve it's waters,
flora and fauna thanks to its local administration and inhabitants. A tiny airport services the
island, permitting only small planes to land from a few privileged European cities.
Most visitors arrive by car, others by train travelling to Piombino Marittima station which
is very close to the ferry departures.
Diving on Elba is for all levels. Most of the dives are off shore dives. Diving there is in the
top ten diving in the Mediterranean sea. You find enough different dive centers around
the island. In April, Mai and September, October you get good conditions on accommodations.
Volki from Spirosub.
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Will return as it is a wonderful and clean area for families and solo trekking…
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